Charges Indirects Et Direct Essays

Direct and Indirect Discrimination Essay

666 WordsAug 29th, 20123 Pages

Presentation for Direct and Indirect

Direct discrimination can be less favourable treatment, which includes harassment or bullying. Comparably similar legal definitions of indirect discrimination and harassment apply in respect of sexual orientation, religion, age, gender and disability.
Most people understand direct discrimination. Indirect discrimination occurs where the effect of certain requirements, conditions or practices imposed by an employer or education provider has an adverse impact disproportionately on one group or other. Indirect discrimination generally occurs when a rule or condition, which is applied equally to everyone, can be met by a considerably smaller proportion of people from a particular…show more content…

During Ramadan he asks to have his evening meal after sunset. He is told that this is not possible during summer because it would mean having supper too late for the other residents.
This is indirect discrimination if the care home cannot show a good reason (or justification) for their refusal. If the kitchen is closed it may be justifiable to offer him a cold meal which could be served after sunset so that there would be no indirect discrimination

Inclusion. . .is about involving people as much as possible in all decision making activities, as well as promoting independence by encouraging active participation, giving the individual choice, sharing information, trust and acceptance. . .

Recently I cared for a female resident from Germany and although she had lived here for many years, her English was very broken. To help me overcome the language barrier I used; Picture Flash Cards, Flash Cards with German and English phrases on them, non-verbal gestures and an English/German dictionary. By using these different methods of communication I was able to; Encourage and support her to participate in social activities, share information about her well-being and her likes and dislikes with my co-workers and encourage and support her to keep her independence. By doing these simple things and using the right communication methods enabled her to keep her independence and allowed her

Show More

Direct and Indirect Costs

  • Length: 506 words (1.4 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - More ↓
Direct and Indirect Costs

Direct costs

An organisation can apportion the costs incurred in the production of
products or services in either a direct or an indirect manner. The
direct costs can be defined as being the amount materials actually
cost plus any other directly linked costs, such as labour.

(for Quirk, materials, electricity, labour employee and management,
machine depreciation)

Production materials, machine or assembly wages

1. Labour and wages – the cost of obtaining, training and retaining
labour is a significantly high cost which must be allocated to each
unit of production. There are many legal obligations as well as social
and welfare considerations, which add to this high costs total.

In order to work out the exact labour and wages costs to be attributed
to each unit of production, an organisation must take a careful study
of the production process and allocate the appropriate expenses. If,
for example, an individual earns £10 per hour and processes 10 units
during that hour, then £1 of direct costs may simply be added to each
unit. Unfortunately, things are not that simple.

There are many other individual costs which an organisation must bear
in the employment of individuals. These may include employer’s
national insurance contributions, pension payments and insurance
policy payments. In most organisations, labour and wage costs account
for the majority of direct costs.

2. Materials – the costs of materials differ according to the sector
in which an organisation operates. As organisation that operates in
the primary sector has comparatively low material costs. At the other
end of the scale, in the tertiary sector, the costs of finished goods
to a retailer for example, will be extremely high. The principal
elements that affect the costs of materials should be included in the
organisation's overall budgetary controls. In addition, an
organisation must also consider the cost of materials in relation to
market demands, as these will inevitably cause periodic fluctuations
in material costs.

Only those materials that are actually used in the production of a
product or service should be considered part of the cost of that
product or service.

Task 2 Page 2

Other consumables used by the organisation are classed as indirect
costs and are considered under separate budgets.

Indirect costs

(for Quirk, rent/rates, sales/ marketing/ insurance/ non-production
depreciation management salaries)

Indirect costs are costs incurred in the running of an organisation
that cannot be easily apportioned to the production process.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Direct and Indirect Costs." 14 Mar 2018

LengthColor Rating 
Essay about Direct and Indirect Costs - Direct and Indirect Costs Direct costs ============ An organisation can apportion the costs incurred in the production of products or services in either a direct or an indirect manner. The direct costs can be defined as being the amount materials actually cost plus any other directly linked costs, such as labour. (for Quirk, materials, electricity, labour employee and management, machine depreciation) Production materials, machine or assembly wages =============================================== 1....   [tags: Economics]506 words
(1.4 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Critique of the Effectiveness of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Essay - Background George W. Bush called the SOX Act “the most far-reaching reforms of American business practices since the time of Franklin Delano Roosevelt”. It has been a decade since the Sarbanes-Oxley Act became in effect. Obviously, the SOX Act which aimed at increasing the confidence in the US capital market really has had a profound influence on public companies and public accounting firms. However, after Enron scandal which triggered the issue of SOX Act, public company lawsuits due to fraud still emerged one after another....   [tags: Indirect Costs, Managerial Diversion]
:: 16 Works Cited
2708 words
(7.7 pages)
Research Papers[preview]
Why Layoffs are Causing the Economic Downturn Essay examples - In 2008, the economy of the United States of America took a turn for the worst. As companies watched their profits fall, top executives decided that they needed to take preventative measures to protect their shareholders and to try to stabilize profits. There are two solutions for making money in business, either increase revenue or decrease expenses. Increasing revenue was not a viable option because of the state of the economy, so the companies chose the only other existing solution to protect their profit margins: they cut expenses....   [tags: Expense Cuts, Indirect Costs]
:: 7 Works Cited
811 words
(2.3 pages)
Better Essays[preview]
Essay about Difficulties of Cash Flow Projection - Projections play a significant role in the corporate climate for nearly all industries. Whether forecasting sales for the next fiscal year, demand for specific items, or otherwise, projections are necessary to account for needed raw materials, manpower, inventory, and much more. Projections of cash flow for projects are also important, especially for small to medium enterprises that are in a growth stage. Liquidity is usually at a premium for these companies so it is important for them to understand exactly how their investment in a project will affect their cash flows at any given point....   [tags: indirect, opportunity costs, evaluation]
:: 2 Works Cited
578 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays[preview]
Costs of the Great World War Essay - World War I was the First World War to have affected many countries on a global scale. Along with the millions of people who were killed, many countries were thrown into a state of economic instability that would last for several years. Although the consequences were detrimental, Canada did many things during and after the war to solve the problem. Among many things, Canada played a major part in the war effort during the war. According to Reader’s Digest, “Canada mobilized with amazing speed: A division of 30, 000, every man a volunteer, was sent to England in October....   [tags: global scale, nafta]
:: 9 Works Cited
2266 words
(6.5 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
Essay on Costs - Costs Estimation Generally Accepted Accounting Practice The main purpose of searching for a new method to estimate cost if due to the erroneous practices of accounting. There is a wide recognition of this problem but most companies still have not gone to a different approach. The GAAP principles do not provide the kind of cost detail and information focus required in today’s capital intensive, automated, and complex manufacturing and distribution. It generates an erroneous and inverse relationship between computed product cost and current production volume....   [tags: essays papers]1217 words
(3.5 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
The Missing Costs and Benefits in Private Housing Projects Essay - The Missing costs and benefits: Almost, private projects concentrate on monetary profits, they rarely think of social ones. Monetary profits are not good measures of net social benefits. Here, it is important to understand that future costs and benefits are the base for the future decisions; which are based on a clear appraisal. Social Values and Shadow Prices: The purpose of social-benefit analysis is to use a hypothetical rather than predicted price when evaluating project. A shadow price is an important characteristic of social-benefit analysis; here, the discount rate, which arrives at the present social value (PSV) is different from the market rate of interest....   [tags: monetary and social profits]
:: 5 Works Cited
1993 words
(5.7 pages)
Term Papers[preview]
Essay about Severe Costs of Alcohol Abuse - I have learned from my personal experiences that young teens should avoid consumption of alcoholic drinks. This in turn avoids many problems in the future and gives the person a better quality of life. Alcohol is the most widely abused legal depressant in the United States. The numerous problems associated with alcohol abuse are a major problem in todays society. This major problem kills many innocent people and is a deadly habit to start. One focus I choose to illustrate is the severe costs of abusing alcohol....   [tags: essays research papers]914 words
(2.6 pages)
Good Essays[preview]
Costs, Profits and Break-even Analysis Essay - Costs, Profits and Break-even Analysis Alas, this means coming to terms with numbers, something that seems to frighten a large proportion of Business Studies students. Before reaching the stage of actually drawing a break-even diagram we need to think what actually goes into one. First, we need to look at costs. They can be referred to in terms of output, time or product. When we speak of costs in terms of output and time we mean FIXED and VARIABLE costs. Remember fixed costs do not vary with output, whilst variable do....   [tags: Papers]5441 words
(15.5 pages)
Strong Essays[preview]
Investigating the Costs of Cigarette Smoking on Human Health Essay - Investigating the Costs of Cigarette Smoking on Human Health In this essay I am going to investigate the costs of cigarette smoking on human health. To do is thoroughly I am going to discuss several issues around this title so that I can produce an accurate conclusion towards the end of this essay. I am going to explore mainly about the physical and financial costs but I will also look into the social and emotional costs a little. To do this I am going to use several sources of three or four types for facts and information on the subject and the topics surrounding it....   [tags: Papers]1332 words
(3.8 pages)
Good Essays[preview]

Related Searches

Costs         Direct         Legal Obligations         Production Process         High Cost         Retailer         Wages         Payments         Materials         Organisation        

effect, they cover all of the support and management services of the
organisation. These indirect costs may be apportioned in percentage
terms to each unit produced. However, the optimum balance between
direct and indirect costs can be somewhat difficult to ascertain. If
an organisation allows its indirect costs to rise in a
disproportionate manner to its direct costs and production levels,
then we can consider the organisation to be rather ‘top heavy’. It
will suffer loss of both profit and working capital.

The main forms of indirect cost are:

Ø Other wages
Ø Depreciation
Ø Management
Ø Administration
Ø Marketing
Ø General running expenses

0 thoughts on “Charges Indirects Et Direct Essays”


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *