deem to be
At the moment, artemisinin-based therapies are considered the best treatment, but cost about $10 per dose - far too much for impoverished communities.Seattle Times (Feb 16, 2012)
infinitely or immeasurably small
The minute stain on the document was not visible to the naked eye.
concurrence of opinion
The committee worked in accord on the bill, and it eventually passed.
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
That confidence was certainly evident in the way Smith handled the winning play with 14 seconds left on the clock.
a customary way of operation or behavior
He directed and acted in plays every season and became known for exploring Elizabethan theatre practices.
have in mind as a purpose
“Lipstick, as a product intended for topical use with limited absorption, is ingested only in very small quantities,” the agency said on its website.
something that interests you because it is important
The scandal broke out in October after former chief executive Michael Woodford claimed he was fired for raising concerns about the company's accounting practices.
perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
In an unprecedented front page article in 2003 The Times reported that Mr. Blair, a young reporter on its staff, had committed journalistic fraud.New York Times (Feb 15, 2012)
some situation or event that is thought about
As a result, the privacy issues surrounding mobile computing are becoming ever-more complex.
Spain’s jobless rate for people ages 16 to 24 is approaching 50 percent.New York Times (Feb 15, 2012)
set up or found
A small French colony, Port Louis, was established on East Falkland in 1764 and handed to the Spanish three years later.
No one can blame an honest mechanic for holding a wealthy snob in utter contempt.Ingersoll, Robert Green
direct the course of; manage or control
Scientists have been conducting studies of individual genes for years.
consume all of one's attention or time
We had nearly two hundred passengers, who were seated about on the sofas, reading, or playing games, or engaged in conversation.Field, Henry M. (Henry Martyn)
come into possession of
He delayed making the unclassified report public while awaiting an Army review, but Rolling Stone magazine obtained the report and posted it Friday night.New York Times (Feb 11, 2012)
deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand
Meanwhile, heating oil could grow more scarce in the Northeast this winter, the Energy Department warned last month.New York Times (Jan 21, 2012)
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
Inflation has lagged behind the central bank’s 2 percent target, giving policy makers extra scope to cut rates.
successive, without a break
After three straight losing seasons, Hoosiers fans were just hoping for a winning record.Seattle Times (Feb 15, 2012)
capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares
In other words, Apple’s stock is cheap, and you should buy it.Forbes (Feb 16, 2012)
clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
But the elderly creak is beginning to become apparent in McCartney’s voice.
a basic or essential attribute shared by members of a class
Owing to these magic properties, it was often planted near dwellings to keep away evil spirits.Parsons, Mary Elizabeth
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind
For a time, indeed, he had fancied that things were changed.Weyman, Stanley J.
an abstract or general idea inferred from specific instances
As a psychologist, I have always found the concept of speed dating fascinating.Scientific American (Feb 13, 2012)
an assembly to conduct judicial business
When Brown pleaded not guilty to assaulting Rihanna, their violent past came out in court.Slate (Feb 16, 2012)
assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
In 1863 he was appointed by the general assembly professor of oriental languages at New College.Various
a section of text, particularly a section of medium length
His interpretation of many obscure scriptural passages by means of native manners and customs and traditions is particularly helpful and informing.Sheets, Emily Churchill Thompson
unproductive of success
An attempt was made to ignore this brilliant and irregular book, but in vain; it was read all over Europe.Various
an occurrence of something
In many instances large districts or towns would have fewer representatives than smaller ones, or perhaps none at all.Clarke, Helen Archibald
the shore of a sea or ocean
Martello towers must be built within short distances all round the coast.Wingfield, Lewis
a planned undertaking
The funds are aimed at helping build public projects including mass transit, electricity networks, water utility and ports, it said.
a special group delegated to consider some matter
The developers are now seeking approval from the landmarks commission.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
a quantity that does not vary
In 1929, Hubble independently put forward and confirmed the same idea, and the parameter later became known as the Hubble constant.Nature (Nov 15, 2011)
one's overall condition in life
The circumstances leading up to the shootings was not immediately available.
to compose or represent
Oil and natural gas constituted almost 50 percent of Russian government revenue last year.
a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
Only last month did the men’s and women’s unemployment rates reach the same level.New York Times (Feb 19, 2012)
have an influence upon
The central bank will start distributing low-interest loans in early March to individuals and small- and medium-sized companies affected by the flooding.
set up or lay the groundwork for
Corporations have to be more and more focused on instituting higher labor standards.Washington Post (Feb 7, 2012)
give an interpretation of
But authorities had rendered the weapon and the explosive device inoperable, officials said.Chicago Tribune (Feb 17, 2012)
be attractive to
To get traditional women’s accessories to appeal to men, some designers are giving them manly names and styles.New York Times (Feb 19, 2012)
bring into existence
Qualities such as these are not generated under bad working practices of any sort.Hungerford, Edward
a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the world
Testing that theory begins Saturday night, as the Capitals take on Tampa Bay in another important contest.Washington Post (Feb 18, 2012)
a variety of different things or activities
Like American community colleges, admission at an open university is not competitive, but the schools offer a range of programs, including doctoral degrees.
a race between candidates for elective office
At the same point in 2004 — as an incumbent facing re-election — Mr. Bush had taken in about $145.6 million for his campaign.New York Times (Feb 18, 2012)
an association of sports teams that organizes matches
"When I broke into the big leagues until a month ago, Gary kept in touch," Mets third baseman David Wright said.Seattle Times (Feb 17, 2012)
any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
More labor is entailed, more time is required, greater delay is occasioned in cleaning up, and the amount of water used is much greater.Hoskin, Arthur J.
have a meeting in order to talk something over
Ms. Stewart said Mrs. Bachmann conferred with her family and a few aides after her disappointing showing on Tuesday evening.New York Times (Jan 4, 2012)
allow to have
He had been granted entry into the White House only for the daily briefing, later that afternoon.New York Times (Feb 17, 2012)
think moodily or anxiously about something
But it is hardly necessary to dwell on so normal an event.Vinogradoff, Paul
provide amusement for
The first Super Bowl in 1967 featured college marching bands entertaining the crowds at halftime.
a binding agreement that is enforceable by law
Contracts with utilities will be signed starting next month, he said.
characterized by a firm, humorless belief in one's opinions
Too much praise cannot be given to the earnest and efficient missionaries who founded and have maintained this mission.Miller, George A.
give or supply
It is a very important honey plant, as it yields an exceptionally pure nectar and remains in bloom a long time.Parsons, Mary Elizabeth
move or cause to move in a sinuous or circular course
While each animal wandered through the maze, its brain was working furiously.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
be emphatic or resolute and refuse to budge
Interior Department officials insisted that they had conducted an extensive scientific inquiry before moving ahead with the spill response plan.New York Times (Feb 17, 2012)
a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry
The knight was gallant not only in war, but in love also.Crothers, Samuel McChord
make realize the truth or validity of something
But though he listened he was not convinced.Reade, Charles
serve as the inciting cause of
His surprising performance inspired an outpouring of fan adoration that has been dubbed "Linsanity."Chicago Tribune (Feb 19, 2012)
a large formal assembly
Last year, the industry’s main trade convention, the Inside Self-Storage World Expo, organized workshops in Las Vegas focusing on lien laws and auction sales.New York Times (Feb 17, 2012)
an ability that has been acquired by training
He says many new drivers are terrified of motorway driving because they do not have the skills or confidence needed.
annoy continually or chronically
There’s something uplifting about hearing a string instrument when I’m feeling ragged or harried.New York Times (Feb 9, 2012)
involving fiscal matters
Meanwhile, universities have raised tuition every year, putting many students in a financial bind.New York Times (Feb 20, 2012)
show an image of
Teens ranting over chores and whatnot can often reflect deeper feelings of alienation or perceived uncaring on the part of parents.
an extended fictional work in prose
Before Robert Barr publishes a novel he spends years in thinking the thing out.Anonymous
provide with objects or articles that make a room usable
Instead, according to court documents, the money went toward furnishing mansions, flying in private jets, and retaining a $120,000-a-year personal hairstylist.BusinessWeek (Feb 1, 2012)
force somebody to do something
But the flames grew too large, compelling firefighters to call off the rescue.New York Times (Feb 18, 2012)
proceed somewhere despite the risk of possible dangers
Clearly he would not venture to descend while his enemy moved.Strang, Herbert
the geographical area under the jurisdiction of a state
On Friday, West Africa regional group Ecowas condemned the rebels, urging them to end hostilities and surrender all occupied territory.
a characteristic state of feeling
Oscar Wilde, to do him justice, bore this sort of rebuff with astonishing good temper and sweetness.Anonymous
fixed in your purpose
The business-oriented constituency of the Republican Party, Jacobs said, has been weakened by a faction bent on lowering taxes and cutting spending.
marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity
The female spider can choose when to cut off intimate relations by eating her partner, or kicking him out.Scientific American (Jan 31, 2012)
enter upon an activity or enterprise
An autopsy has reportedly been undertaken but the results are not expected for several weeks.
more than half of the votes in an election
Republicans need just four seats in the Senate to take control as the majority party.
declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
In your talk you asserted the pill's risks of blood clotting, lung artery blockage, heart attack and stroke are minimal.
the men and women who man a vehicle
Several pilots and crew members would have to escape at once, while safety divers watched, ready to rescue anyone who became stuck.New York Times (Feb 6, 2012)
a natural or artificial enclosed space
"Today," said the old man, "you must push through with me into my most solitary chamber, that we may not be disturbed."Carlyle, Thomas
marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful
“Challenging yourself, playing up against stronger, tougher, and overall better competition will keep you humble.”Washington Post (Jan 17, 2012)
an elaborate and systematic plan of action
Some companies in the Globe District of Arizona have started extensive underground schemes for mining large tonnages very cheaply by "caving" methods.Hoskin, Arthur J.
demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
Not one of his movements escaped her keen observation; she drank in every shiver.Wingfield, Lewis
having political views favoring reform and progress
Romney’s actually done well in open primaries where fiscally conservative yet socially liberal independents have backed him over his opponents.
a state in which all hope is lost or absent
There were wounded love, and wounded pride, and despair, and coming madness, all in that piteous cry.Reade, Charles
the periodic rise and fall of the sea level
In the case of mobile connectivity, a rising tide does not lift all boats.Slate (Feb 9, 2012)
a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings
"Behaviours have changed and attitudes have changed," Mr Taylor said.
show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for
He felt sure that if the circumstances justified it, the necessary proceedings could be taken.”Anonymous
a rectangular piece of cloth of distinctive design
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas declared three days of mourning and ordered flags flown at half staff.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
any admirable or beneficial attribute
Thus far in our inquiry extraordinary merits have been offset by extraordinary defects.Ayres, Harry Morgan
reveal its presence or make an appearance
A too rapid transformation of existing conditions might very easily lead to an economic crisis, symptoms of which are already beginning to manifest themselves.Vay, P?ter
a general inclusive concept
Does that old notion that defense wins championships still hold up these days?Seattle Times (Jan 13, 2012)
And there might not be much money, so fashion shows are done on a much smaller scale.Seattle Times (Feb 17, 2012)
characteristic of or befitting a person in authority
A formal decision to call off the search is likely on Wednesday, rescue officials said.New York Times (Jan 31, 2012)
a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed
“Economists assume that, under normal conditions, markets will allocate resources efficiently,” he added.
continue to exist
Old ideas, long after the conditions under which they were produced have passed away, often persist in surviving.Ingersoll, Robert Green
lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike
And with his backhanded contempt for all things ordinary, Blake is making some of the catchiest, most difficult music in recent memory.
a route all the way around a particular place or area
He typed in “South Park” and took senior executives on a tour of Web sites offering pirated episodes.New York Times (Feb 8, 2012)
enter a defendant's answer
Aria pleaded not guilty, but he acknowledged that he had violated some laws.New York Times (Feb 18, 2012)
be oppressive or burdensome
So far, the political turmoil has not appeared to have discouraged visitors, but prolonged strife could weigh on tourism.New York Times (Feb 11, 2012)
how something is done or how it happens
Speaking of science, he says, in language far in advance of his times: ‘There are two modes of knowing—by argument and by experiment.Adams, W. H. Davenport (William Henry Davenport)
a discrimination between things as different
But such a distinction is quite external; at heart the men may be very much alike.Anonymous
at an angle to the horizontal or vertical position
Such an inclined passage following a seam of coal is known as a slope.Hoskin, Arthur J.
a quality belonging to or characteristic of an entity
The authors found that when the available prospects varied more in attributes such as age, height, occupation and educational background, people made fewer dating proposals.Scientific American (Feb 13, 2012)
make a great effort at a mental or physical task
School boards may come to exert even greater influence over what students read.Forbes (Jan 23, 2012)
come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
Those who managed to survive were later oppressed by Poland's post-war communist authorities.
compete for something
But eight men, however bold and stout-hearted, could not long contend with an enemy at least four times their number.Strang, Herbert
a strong wooden or metal post driven into the ground
His remains were buried in Cannon Street, and a stake was driven through the body.Andrews, William
He toiled in the sweat of his brow, tilling the stubborn ground, taking out stones, building fences.Adler, Felix
pass from physical life
Simon Wiesenthal's parents are long since deceased, with his father dying in World War I and his mother perishing in the Holocaust.
your usual mood
Melancholia — the state of mind — can hide behind seemingly sunny dispositions.Seattle Times (Dec 28, 2011)
Mr. Gray railed against lengthy stage directions, saying he crossed them out in scripts before he would begin rehearsals with his actors.New York Times (Feb 7, 2012)
one of a group of prominent bishops in the Sacred College
Each time he names cardinals he puts his stamp on Roman Catholicism's future by choosing men who share his views.Chicago Tribune (Feb 18, 2012)
talk about oneself with excessive pride or self-regard
Mr. Estes was also well connected politically, boasting that the president of the United States took his calls.New York Times (Dec 10, 2011)
a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea
Well, safety advocates, consumers and the government dragged the automobile industry toward including seat belts, air bags, more visible taillights and other safety features.New York Times (Feb 19, 2012)
He bestowed public buildings and river improvements in return for votes.Gilbert, Clinton W. (Clinton Wallace)
report or maintain
It is being fired into enclosed areas and homes, the human rights group alleges.
despite anything to the contrary
He seems to have taken things easily enough, notwithstanding the sorrow and suffering that surrounded him on every side.Adams, W. H. Davenport (William Henry Davenport)
of imposing height; especially standing out above others
He found himself in an enormous hall with a lofty ceiling.Blasco Ib??ez, Vicente
a large indefinite number
Department store chains in general have been strained in recent years as a " multitude" of alternatives has emerged, all competing for customers.Chicago Tribune (Dec 28, 2011)
having a sharp inclination
It was narrow and very steep, and had precipices in all parts, so that they could not mount upward except one at a time.Various
pay close attention to
But Cain was already too far gone to heed the warning voice.Adler, Felix
not large but sufficient in size or amount
A healthy person living in an unfashionable city with no student loans to pay off can get by on a fairly modest income.Slate (Feb 17, 2012)
being or affecting only a segment
Generalizations of this sweeping order are apt to contain only partial truth.Clarke, Helen Archibald
naturally disposed toward
Another reason to display beds at an electronics show: consumers are apt to use high-tech devices while tucked in.New York Times (Jan 9, 2012)
the condition of being honored
Despite being held in the highest esteem by his fellow poets, Redgrove never quite achieved the critical reception or readership he deserved.
appearing to merit belief or acceptance
Mike Mullen, then chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, has acknowledged receiving the memo but said he ignored it as not credible.New York Times (Dec 19, 2011)
provide the needed stimulus for
It provoked a bigger reaction than we could ever have anticipated.
a step in walking or running
The farmer went down, his clumsy boots making no sound on the uncarpeted stairway, so careful was his tread.Woolson, Constance Fenimore
learn or discover with confidence
Health care providers and manufacturers can ascertain alternative treatment more effectively by tackling predicted drug shortage incidences early in the process.Forbes (Feb 13, 2012)
proceed, get along, or succeed
A recent study breaks down how graduates with various college degrees are faring in today’s difficult job market.Washington Post (Feb 17, 2012)
relinquish possession or control over
Some militia chiefs say they will only cede command of their fighters once an organized military and security apparatus is in place.
continuing forever or indefinitely
The river is a perpetual enjoyment, always something going on.Waddington, Mary King
a legally binding command or decision
While the decree takes effect immediately, it requires Parliament’s approval within 60 days to remain in force.
make or work out a plan for; devise
The wily Roc, never taken much by surprise, contrived to escape, but old Tributor and his men were all captured.Thornbury, Walter
formed or developed from something else; not original
Modern kale, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, and kohlrabi are all members of the same species, derived from a single prehistoric plant variety.Slate (Feb 21, 2012)
marked by complexity and richness of detail
But the tobacco industry and owners of other convenience stores say tribal cigarette manufacturing is just an elaborate form of tax evasion.New York Times (Feb 22, 2012)
real; having a material or factual existence
Defence lawyers said the large number of forensic tests which had been carried out had failed to find any substantial evidence linked to the accused.
a wilderness at the edge of a settled area of a country
Adding to the precarious security situation, tribesmen kidnapped 18 Egyptian border guards along the frontier with Israel in Sinai Peninsula.New York Times (Feb 9, 2012)
arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth
As one teacher remarks about a troubled student, “There is no facile solution.”New York Times (Oct 11, 2011)
make reference to
The Federal Reserve has pledged low interest rates until late 2014, citing in part the weakness of the job market.
show to be reasonable or provide adequate ground for
In the United Kingdom and Europe the devices are not used unless the need is warranted by the patient's medical condition.
He cried and trembled, sobbing, while they spoke, like the child he was.Weyman, Stanley J.
a traveler who actively sits and travels on an animal
In horseback riding, a rider will give commands by squeezing or lengthening the reins and altering the position of his legs.
permitting little if any light to pass through
Dense black smoke rose in the distance as demonstrators burned tires in Shiite villages.
cause physical pain or suffering in
Melanoma globally afflicts nearly 160,000 new people each year.
His business had been all along steadily flourishing, his patrons had been of high social position, some most illustrious, others actually royal.Petherick, Horace William
invest with ministerial or priestly authority
One of the present bishops was consecrated when quite a young boy, and deacons are often ordained at sixteen, and even much earlier.Bird, Isabella L. (Isabella Lucy)
having or showing or expressing reverence for a deity
Mother, you see, is a very pious woman, and she attributes it all to Providence, saying that it was the Divine interference in her behalf.Various
disturb, especially by minor irritations
There are vexing problems slowing the growth and the practical implementation of big data technologies.Forbes (Oct 21, 2011)
the force of attraction between all masses in the universe
Once captured, the combined object will have a new center of gravity and may be spinning in an uncontrolled way.
supported or kept from sinking or falling by buoyancy
Frustrating enough at ground level, but can you imagine the agony about a stranded, ever-soggier Oreo being suspended 11 feet above the ground?Washington Post (Feb 21, 2012)
obvious to the eye or mind
Its bright scarlet fruits are conspicuous in late autumn.Anonymous
a quick reply to a question or remark
Having put him in ill humour with this retort, she fled away rejoicing.Coster, Charles Th?odore Henri de
an airplane powered by gas turbines
Typhoon fighter jets, helicopters, two warships and bomb disposal experts will also be on duty to guard against security threats.Seattle Times (Feb 20, 2012)
The blare of bugles was heard, and a few seconds afterwards Jackson, still facing the enemy, shouted: "By Jupiter, they're bolting, sir."Strang, Herbert
to agree or express agreement
His two companions readily assented, and the promise was mutually given and received.Keightley, Thomas
a sum spoken of as the contents of a money container
She watched over her husband, kept his accounts, held the family purse, managed all his affairs. Shorter, Clement K.
the arithmetic operation of summing
The survey’s margin of error was plus or minus four percentage points.
give authority or permission to
The Securities and Exchange Commission said last year it had sanctioned 39 senior officers for conduct related to the housing market meltdown.
a sequence of steps by which legal judgments are invoked
Chu attended the special court-martial proceeding on Monday in Hawaii, Hill said.
praise, glorify, or honor
Some exalt themselves by anonymously posting their own laudatory reviews.New York Times (Jan 26, 2012)
an action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place
Rebellion broke out, and finally the aged Caliph, after enduring a siege of several weeks, was murdered in his own house.Nicholson, Reynold
feeling a need to see others suffer
He viewed the moths with malice, their fluttering wings fanning his resentment.Lyman, Olin L.
Advisers say new millionaires are prone to mistakes, like making extravagant purchases or risky deals with friends.
increase in phase
Carols had existed for centuries, though their popularity waxed and waned as different governments and religious movements periodically declared them sinful.
press tightly together or cram
Deafening cheers rent the air as he landed; hundreds thronged around him to clasp his hand.Strang, Herbert
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
He venerated me like a being descended from an upper world.Blasco Ib??ez, Vicente
attack someone physically or emotionally
His campaign even issued a press release assailing other rivals for, in Mr. Paul’s view, taking Mr. Romney’s quote about firing people out of context.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
of high moral or intellectual value
He was uneven, disproportioned, saying ordinary things on great occasions, and now and then, without the slightest provocation, uttering the sublimest and most beautiful thoughts.Ingersoll, Robert Green
draw from; make good use of
As humans increasingly exploit the deep seas for fish, oil and mining, understanding how species are dispersed is crucial, Copley said.Scientific American (Jan 3, 2012)
use of physical or mental energy; hard work
One day overcome by exertion, she fainted in the street.Ingersoll, Robert Green
Then a match was kindled and fire applied.Warner, Susan
furnish with a capital fund
The grammar school here, founded in 1533, is liberally endowed, with scholarships and exhibitions.Various
set forth authoritatively as obligatory
The Arab League has already suspended Syria and imposed economic sanctions.
cause to feel shame
The letter claims pensioners are too often patronised, humiliated, denied privacy or even medical treatment.
a legal right to vote
There has been a great deal said in this country of late in regard to giving the right of suffrage to women.Ingersoll, Robert Green
issue or terminate in a specified way
An uproar ensued months after the approval, when opponents realized the online gambling measure had been slipped in.New York Times (Feb 16, 2012)
a natural stream of water smaller than a river
He walked across the little bridge over the brook and at once his mood changed.Mason, A. E. W. (Alfred Edward Woodley)
a strong wind moving 45-90 knots
The gale was accompanied, as usual, by incessant rain and thick weather, and a heavy confused sea kept our decks always flooded.Fitzroy, Robert
reflect deeply on a subject
Musing about the Big Picture may be a lot more gratifying than focusing on the details of the specific policies that aren’t working.
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
There’s plenty of humor on Russian television, though not much political satire; Mr. Putin put a stop to that long ago.New York Times (Feb 13, 2012)
cause to be interested or curious
Designing and building models that intrigue and educate without overwhelming has been challenging.Science Magazine (Nov 24, 2011)
something that serves to suggest
Authorities said an autopsy found no indications of foul play or obvious signs of trauma on Houston.Seattle Times (Feb 15, 2012)
send away towards a designated goal
More than one assassin was dispatched by the Turkish authorities to murder Napoleon.Various
crouch or curl up
The knaves lowered their weapons and shrank back cowering before him.Weyman, Stanley J.
an established custom
He made his customary slick feeds to open teammates, but as is their wont, the Nets struggled at times to convert points on his passes.New York Times (Feb 20, 2012)
a system of body parts that serve some particular purpose
When probiotics flourish in the digestive tract, nutrients are better absorbed and bad bugs are held at bay, research suggests.Seattle Times (Jan 10, 2012)
a collection of books accepted as holy scripture
For me, all novels of any consequence are literary, and they take their place, high and low, in the canon of English literature.
cause to move forward with force
Some power beyond his comprehension was impelling him toward the neighboring city.Blasco Ib??ez, Vicente
freedom from normal restraints in conduct
Great employees often get more latitude to bring up controversial subjects in a group setting because their performance allows greater freedom.
leave behind empty; move out of
Their number diminished sharply after Villaraigosa announced last week that he wanted protesters to vacate the grounds by Monday or be forcibly removed.Chicago Tribune (Nov 30, 2011)
any piece of work that is attempted
"Let my epitaph be, Here lies Joseph, who was unsuccessful in all his undertakings."Marvin, Frederic Rowland
kill intentionally and with premeditation
"It were shame," said Lancelot, "for an armed to slay an unarmed man."Unknown
one who precedes you in time
Heller fills in the blanks about Taft, overshadowed by colorful predecessor Teddy Roosevelt.Seattle Times (Feb 22, 2012)
the quality of being exquisitely fine in appearance
This refinement appears in his works, which are full of artistic grace and dainty delicacy.Drake, Samuel Adams
leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch
"I'm surprised," said Philip, cautiously opening fire, "that you were ever allowed to forsake your native land."Hay, Ian
ask for or request earnestly
When taking the ACT essay section, students have 45 minutes to write a well-reasoned argumentative essay about a given prompt. The new ACT Essay prompts tend to be about “debate” topics — two sides of an issue are presented, with no obviously “right” side. Oftentimes, these subjects carry implications for broader issues such as freedom or morality. Test-takers are expected to convey some stance on the issue and support their argument with relevant facts and analysis.
In addition to some of the more obvious categories, like grammar and structure, students’ essays are also evaluated on their mastery of the English language. One way to demonstrate such mastery is through the correct usage of advanced vocabulary words. Below are 50 above-average vocabulary words sorted by the contexts in which they could most easily be worked into an ACT essay.
Context 1: Factual Support For ACT Essay
These words can easily be used when stating facts and describing examples to support one’s argument. On ACT essays, common examples are trends or patterns of human behavior, current or past events, and large-scale laws or regulations.
- Antecedent – a precursor, or preceding event for something – N
- Bastion – an institution/place/person that strongly maintains particular principles, attitudes, or activities – N
- Bellwether – something that indicates a trend – N
- Burgeon – to begin to grow or increase rapidly – V
- Catalyst – an agent that provokes or triggers change – N
- Defunct – no longer in existence or functioning – Adj.
- Entrenched – characterized by something that is firmly established and difficult to change – Adj.
- Foster – to encourage the development of something – V
- Galvanize – to shock or excite someone into taking action – V
- Impetus – something that makes a process or activity happen or happen faster – N
- Inadvertent – accidental or unintentional – Adj.
- Incessant – never ending; continuing without pause – Adj.
- Inflame – to provoke or intensify strong feelings in someone – V
- Instill – to gradually but firmly establish an idea or attitude into a person’s mind – V
- Lucrative – having a large reward, monetary or otherwise – Adj.
- Myriad – countless or extremely large in number – Adj.
- Precipitate – to cause something to happen suddenly or unexpectedly – V
- Proponent – a person who advocates for something – N
- Resurgence – an increase or revival after a period of limited activity – N
- Revitalize – to give something new life and vitality – V
- Ubiquitous – characterized by being everywhere; widespread – Adj.
- Watershed – an event or period that marks a turning point – N
Context 2: Analysis
These words can often be used when describing common patterns between examples or casting some form of opinion or judgement.
- Anomaly – deviation from the norm – N
- Automaton – a mindless follower; someone who acts in a mechanical fashion – N
- Belie – to fail to give a true impression of something – V
- Cupidity – excessive greed – Adj.
- Debacle – a powerful failure; a fiasco – N
- Demagogue – a political leader or person who looks for support by appealing to prejudices instead of using rational arguments – N
- Deter – to discourage someone from doing something by making them doubt or fear the consequences – V
- Discredit – to harm the reputation or respect for someone – V
- Draconian – characterized by strict laws, rules and punishments – Adj.
- Duplicitous – deliberately deceitful in speech/behavior – Adj.
- Egregious – conspicuously bad; extremely evil; monstrous and outrageous – Adj.
- Exacerbate – to make a situation worse – V
- Ignominious – deserving or causing public disgrace or shame – Adj.
- Insidious – proceeding in a subtle way but with harmful effects – Adj.
- Myopic – short-sighted; not considering the long run – Adj.
- Pernicious – dangerous and harmful – Adj.
- Renegade – a person who betrays an organization, country, or set of principles – N
- Stigmatize – to describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or disapproval – V
- Superfluous – unnecessary – Adj.
- Venal – corrupt; susceptible to bribery – Adj.
- Virulent – extremely severe or harmful in its effects – Adj.
- Zealot – a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals – N
Context 3: Thesis and Argument
These words are appropriate for taking a stance on controversial topics, placing greater weight on one or the other end of the spectrum, usually touching on abstract concepts, and/or related to human nature or societal issues.
- Autonomy – independence or self governance; the right to make decisions for oneself – N
- Conundrum – a difficult problem with no easy solution – N
- Dichotomy – a division or contrast between two things that are presented as opposites or entirely different – N
- Disparity – a great difference between things – N
- Divisive – causing disagreement or hostility between people – Adj.
- Egalitarian – favoring social equality and equal rights – Adj.
Although it’s true that vocabulary is one of the lesser criteria by which students’ ACT essays are graded, the small boost it may give to a student’s score could be the difference between a good score and a great score. For those who are already confident in their ability to create and support a well-reasoned argument but still want to go the extra mile, having a few general-purpose, impressive-sounding vocabulary words up one’s sleeve is a great way to tack on even more points.
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Angela is a student at Cornell College of Engineering. At CollegeVine, she works primarily as ACT Verbal Division Manager. She enjoys teaching a variety of subjects and helping students realize their dreams.